Research on the present Pakistani textbooks published in 2013-2014: By Professor Anjum James Paul
09 Nov 2014
The foundation of Pakistan Minorities Teachers’ Association (PMTA) was laid on August 28, 2004 with a dream to make Pakistan a state where people will not be judged by their faiths but by the content of equality. Article 25 (1) of the Constitution of Pakistan guarantees equal rights to all citizens as it declares , “All citizens are equal before law and are entitled to equal protection of law.” Article 22 (1) clearly guarantees “No person attending any educational institution shall be required to receive religious instruction, or take part in any religious ceremony, or attend religious worship, if such instruction, ceremony or worship relates to a religion other than his own.”
Unfortunately there has been discrimination with the religious minority students in the National Education Policies of Pakistan, National Curriculum and the textbooks. Pakistani Textbooks are biased against the religious minorities due to the biased and discriminatory approaches of the National Education Policies and National Curriculum of Pakistan. The religious minorities are not fully exercising their fundamental rights freely as guaranteed in the Constitution of Pakistan. They are under threat and being persecuted. Pakistani textbooks are not playing the role of a connector in the society and openly promote extremism, fanaticism and intolerance against the minority religions particularly Christianity, Hindu religion and Sikh religion. The faith/s of the students of religious minorities is/are at risk due to the violation of Article 22 (1) of the Constitution of Pakistan in the present textbooks. Most of the Pakistani textbooks published in the subjects of social sciences and languages promote disharmony, conflicts, extremism, intolerance and instigate the students of different religions to violence.
I would like to share with you the research based documents on the Pakistani textbooks which have been published in 2013-2014.These textbooks have been published by the National Book Foundation Islamabad and all the four Textbooks Board of Pakistan.
The four documents are;
1. A RAY OF SOCIAL HARMONY IN THE PAKISTANI TEXTBOOKS
2. BIASED PAKISTANI TEXTBOOKS
3. ARTICLE 22 (1) OF THE CONSTITUTION OF PAKISTAN AND PAKISTANI TEXTBOOKS
4. GENERAL STANDARD OF PAKISTANI TEXTBOOKS