Photographers occasionally share the same lot as literary translators – people know their work, but not their names. Massoud Hossaini, for instance, has had his photos emblazoned across the front pages of international newspapers in Hong Kong, New York, and Germany. The 28-year-old Kabul native works in the Afghan capital as photographer for the AFP news agency.
The path he has taken has been anything but simple. Photography was forbidden under the Taliban, and college-level courses in photography were not – nor are they now – offered in Afghanistan. Only with the arrival of aid organisations after the fall of the Taliban did the situation change.
Massoud Hossaini completed a two-year training programme in photojournalism offered by the AINA Media Initiative. In 2003, much of Afghanistan lay in ruins, recalls his teacher. "We then gathered together old 35 mm cameras, even odd parts, whenever they fell into our hands. This way we were able to repair broken cameras. Some of the youngest course participants weren't even 18 yet."
His first hands-on experience with a camera was in Iran, where Massoud Hossaini and his family spent almost 20 years in exile because of war and then civil war in Afghanistan.
"At first, I would walk for hours through fields of rubble. I found children playing there and I tried to depict everything that I saw with my own colours," says Hossaini, remembering the months following his return. "Despite all the destruction, Kabul at twilight has its own special light and dust, creating a unique beauty and aesthetic," he explains.
For quite some time now, the 28-year-old with a slight build has had to travel to the sites of suicide attacks to earn his daily bread. "I constantly witness people dying. And I constantly have to suppress feelings of agitation and sadness."
In contrast to most of his international photographer colleagues, Hossaini is not insured should something happen to him. The photos he has taken of terrorist attacks have quite literally taken away his appetite. As a result of his work, Massoud Hossaini now eats a vegetarian diet.
Despite all this, he loves his profession and sees himself as privileged. "What is so fascinating about my work is that within a single day I can portray the lives of simple people and also capture official political events."
His greatest desire is to complete studies abroad. He regards the situation in his homeland with mixed feelings. "The goal for the foreseeable future must be for the Afghan army and police to ensure security in the country themselves, while the international community provides them with support."
Not long ago, Hossaini's photos were part of an exhibition in Berlin entitled "Unfinished Business". It attempted, in particular, to present life beyond the events making the headlines. "There are so many images of Afghanistan that the western media will never show. These include pictures of normal, daily life."
As a photographer working for an international news agency, Massoud Hossaini finds himself in a flash point between an eastern and western perspective. Recently, he was given the opportunity to work as an "embedded journalist" photographing US Army military camps. Previously, this would have been impossible for an Afghan journalist.
At the Goethe Institute in Kabul, where he has taken part in many training courses over the years, he now occasionally teaches workshops for the next generation of Afghan photographers. He has also shot photos for the German news magazine Der Spiegel.
In the last few weeks, he has been particularly happy – his agency has provided him with new camera equipment. Finally, he has the exact same equipment as his foreign colleagues, who fly into Kabul.
* Martin Gerner is a freelance writer. This article is distributed by the Common Ground News Service (CGNews)